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Nos femmes "Première Ministres" au Canada.

Our women "Prime Ministers" in Canada.

***A noter que les contenus politiques de cette page

proviennent de

l'encyclopédie libre de Wikipédia. 

*** Please note that all of my infos below have been

taken

from the free encyclopedio of Wikipedia.

 

 

 

 

 

Liste des femmes Premières ministres au Canada

 

Les femmes occupant ou ayant occupé le poste de Première ministre au Canada sont au nombre de neuf dans les provinces et territoires et une au niveau fédéral.

La première femme à avoir occupé le poste de Première ministre a été Rita Johnston28e Première ministre de la Colombie-Britannique pendant sept mois en 1991.

Au niveau fédéral, seule Kim Campbell a servi comme Première ministre du Canada pendant quatre mois en 1993.

De février à novembre 2013, six femmes sont simultanément Premières ministres : Eva Aariak au NunavutKathy Dunderdale à Terre-Neuve-et-LabradorChristy Clark en Colombie-BritanniqueAlison Redford en AlbertaPauline Marois au Québec et Kathleen Wynne en Ontario, ce qui constitue un record historique. Toutes, à l'exception de Christy Clark, sont les premières femmes à occuper ces postes dans leurs provinces respectives, la Colombie-Britannique étant la seule province où deux femmes ont été Premières ministres. Actuellement, deux femmes sont Premières ministres au Canada.

Femmes Premières ministres au Canada

Portrait Nom Juridiction Début de mandat Fin de mandat Durée Parti politique Notes
  Rita Johnston Colombie-Britannique 2 avril 1991 5 novembre 1991 218 jours Crédit social Choisie comme la chef du parti du gouvernement de la Colombie-Britannique après la retraite du Premier ministre William Vander Zalm.
Nellie Cournoyea.jpg Nellie Cournoyea Territoires du Nord-Ouest

14 novembre

 1991

22 novembre

1995

4 ans,

8 jours

Non

partisane -
gouvernement de

consensus

La première femme Première ministre d'un territoire canadien; choisie comme chef du gouvernement par consensus après l'élection territoriale de 1991.
  Catherine Callbeck Île-du-Prince-Édouard

25 janvier

1993

9 octobre

1996

3 ans, 259 jours Libéral Première femme qui a gagné un gouvernement provincial par une élection générale partisane.
KimCampbell.jpg Kim Campbell Canada

23 juin

1993

4 novembre

1993

132 jours Progressiste-conservateur Première (et seule) femme Première ministre du Canada; choisie comme la chef du parti du gouvernement fédéral après la retraite du Premier ministre Brian Mulroney.
 

Pat

Duncan

Yukon 5 juin 2000

5 novembre 

2002

2 ans,

153 jours

Libéral Chef du premier gouvernement du parti Libéral au Yukon et la deuxième femme qui a gagné un gouvernement par une élection générale partisane.
Premier Eva Aariak cropped.jpg

Eva

Aariak

Nunavut

19 novembre

 2008

19 novembre

 2013

5 ans Non partisane -
gouvernement de consensus
Choisie comme chef du gouvernement par consensus après l'élection territoriale de 2008.
Kathy Dunderdale 31May2011.jpg Kathy Dunderdale

Terre-Neuve-

et-Labrador

3 décembre

2010

24 janvier

2014

3 ans Progressiste-conservateur Choisie comme la chef du parti du gouvernement après la retraite du Premier ministre Danny Williams; elle a précédemment servi avec Williams comme la vice-première ministre de la province et la troisième femme qui a gagné un gouvernement par une élection générale partisane.
Christy Clark by Kris Krug 05.jpg Christy Clark Colombie-Britannique

14 mars

 2011

(actuellement)

4 ans,

4 jours

Libéral Choisie comme la chef du parti du gouvernement après la retraite du Premier ministre Gordon Campbell.
Alison Redford 2012.jpg Alison Redford Alberta

7 octobre

 2011

23 mars

 2014

2 ans Progressiste-conservateur Choisie comme la chef du parti du gouvernement après la retraite du Premier ministre Ed Stelmach et la quartrième femme qui a gagné un gouvernement par une élection générale partisane.
Photographie officielle de Pauline Marois.png Pauline Marois Québec

19 septembre

 2012

23 avril

 2014

1 an Parti québécois Élue lors de l'élection générale québécoise de 2012 devenant la cinquième femme qui a gagné un gouvernement par une élection partisane et elle devient la première femme à occuper cette fonction.
Kathleen Wynne.JPG Kathleen Wynne Ontario

11 février

 2013

(actuellement)

2 ans

35 jours

Libéral Choisie comme la chef du parti du gouvernement après la retraite du Premier ministre Dalton McGuinty.

Tous les "Premiers Ministres" du Canada ci-dessous.

 

  Rang Nom Parti Mandat
     1er Sir John A. Macdonald Libéral-conservateur 1er juillet 1867 - 5 novembre 1873
     2e Alexander Mackenzie Libéral 7 novembre 1873 - 8 octobre 1878
       Sir John A. Macdonald (2e fois) Libéral-conservateur 17 octobre 1878 - 6 juin 1891
     3e Sir John Abbott Libéral-conservateur 16 juin 1891 - 24 novembre 1892
     4e Sir John Thompson Libéral-conservateur 5 décembre 1892 - 12 décembre 1894
     5e Sir Mackenzie Bowell Conservateur 21 décembre 1894 - 27 avril 1896
     6e Sir Charles Tupper Conservateur 1er mai 1896 - 8 juillet 1896
     7e Sir Wilfrid Laurier Libéral 11 juillet 1896 - 7 octobre 1911
     8e Sir Robert Laird Borden Conservateur/Unioniste 10 octobre 1911 - 10 juillet 1920
     9e Arthur Meighen Parti libéral et conservateur national 10 juillet 1920 - 29 décembre 1921
     10e William Lyon Mackenzie King Libéral 29 décembre 1921 - 28 juin 1926
       Arthur Meighen (2e fois) Conservateur 29 juin 1926 - 25 septembre 1926
       William Lyon Mackenzie King (2e fois) Libéral 25 septembre 1926 - 7 août 1930
     11e Richard Bedford Bennett Conservateur 7 août 1930 - 23 octobre 1935
       William Lyon Mackenzie King (3e fois) Libéral 23 octobre 1935 - 15 novembre 1948
     12e Louis St-Laurent Libéral 15 novembre 1948 - 21 juin 1957
     13e John Diefenbaker[1] Progressiste-conservateur 21 juin 1957 - 22 avril 1963
     14e Lester B. Pearson Libéral 22 avril 1963 - 20 avril 1968
     15e Pierre Elliott Trudeau Libéral 20 avril 1968 - 3 juin 1979
     16e Joe Clark Progressiste-conservateur 4 juin 1979 - 2 mars 1980
       Pierre Elliott Trudeau (2e fois) Libéral 3 mars 1980 - 30 juin 1984
     17e John Turner Libéral 30 juin 1984 - 17 septembre 1984
     18e Brian Mulroney Progressiste-conservateur 17 septembre 1984 - 25 juin 1993
     19e Kim Campbell Progressiste-conservateur 25 juin 1993 - 4 novembre 1993
     20e Jean Chrétien Libéral 4 novembre 1993 - 12 décembre 2003
     21e Paul Martin Libéral 12 décembre 2003 - 6 février 2006
     22e Stephen Harper Conservateur 6 février 2006 -

Liste des Premiers ministres du Canada-Uni (de 1841 à 1867)

Notes et références

  1. Diefenbaker a nommé Ellen Fairclough, la secrétaire d'État du Canada, Premier ministre par intérim (en:Acting Prime Minister) du 19 au 20 février 1958, pour la durée d'un déplacement à Terre-Neuve. Mme Fairclough a été la première femme à assumer cette tâche. Voir Fairclough Acting PM for 2 Days, The Gazette, 21 février 1958 [archive]

 

 

 

 

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death); District
Min. Term of office Electoral mandates (Parliaments) Political party
1 Brady-Handy John A Macdonald - cropped.jpg Sir John A. Macdonald
(1815–1891)
MP for Kingston, ON
1 1 July 1867[2] 5 November 1873[5] Elected 1867 (1st Parlt.)
Elected 1872 (2nd Parlt.)
Liberal-Conservative Party
Minister of Justice; Integration of Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory into Canada; Manitoba Act; Red River Rebellion; Confederation of British Columbia; Creation of the North-West Mounted Police; Resigned over Pacific Scandal.
2 Alexander Mackenzie-portrait.jpg Alexander Mackenzie
(1822–1892)
MP for Lambton, ON
2 7 November 1873[6] 8 October 1878[7] Designated (2nd Parlt.
Elected 1874 (3rd Parlt.)
Liberal Party
§Minority government. Pacific Scandal; Creation of the Supreme Court; Establishment of the Royal Military College; Created the office of the Auditor General.
(1) Brady-Handy John A Macdonald - cropped.jpg Sir John A. Macdonald
(1815–1891)
MP for Victoria, BC 1878–1882
MP for Carleton, ON 1882–1887
MP for Kingston, ON 1887–1891
3 17 October 1878[8] 6 June 1891[9] Elected 1878 (4th Parlt.)
Elected 1882 (5th Parlt.)
Elected 1887 (6th Parlt.)
Elected 1891 (7th Parlt.)
Liberal-Conservative Party
National Policy; North-West Rebellion; Hanging of Louis Riel. Died in office (stroke).
3 SirJohnAbbott1.jpg Sir John Abbott
(1821–1893)
Senator for Quebec
4 16 June 1891[10] 24 November 1892[11] Designated (7th Parlt.) Liberal-Conservative Party
Succeeded on Macdonald's death due to objections to the Catholic John Thompson. In ill health; retired.
4 John Thompson.jpg Sir John Thompson
(1845–1894)
MP for Antigonish, NS
5 5 December 1892[12] 12 December 1894[13] Designated (7th Parlt.) Liberal-Conservative Party
Minister of Justice; First Catholic Prime Minister. Manitoba Schools Question. Died in office (heart attack).
5 SirMackenzieBowell.jpg Sir Mackenzie Bowell
(1823–1917)
Senator for Ontario
6 21 December 1894[14] 27 April 1896[15] Designated (7th Parlt.) Conservative Party (historical)
Manitoba Schools Question.
6 Tupper Portrait.jpg Sir Charles Tupper
(1821–1915)
Did not serve in arliament while Prime Minister
7 1 May 1896[16] 8 July 1896[17] Designated (none) Conservative Party (historical)
Aimed to defeat Patrons of Industry, but dominated by Manitoba Schools Question. Never sat in parliament as Prime Minister.
7 Laurier in 1876.jpg Sir Wilfrid Laurier
(1841–1919)
MP for Quebec East, QC
8 11 July 1896[18] 6 October 1911[19] Elected 1896 (8th Parlt.)
Elected 1900 (9th Parlt.)
Elected 1904 (10th Parlt.)
Elected 1908 (11th Parlt.)
Liberal Party
Manitoba Schools Question; Boer War; Confederation of Alberta and Saskatchewan; Creation of the Royal Canadian Navy; Reciprocity with the US; First French Canadian Prime Minister, removed the right for status Indians to vote.
8 RobertLBorden.jpg Sir Robert Borden
(1854–1937)
MP for Halifax, NS until 1917
MP for Kings, NS from 1917
9 10 October 1911[20] 11 October 1917[19] Elected 1911 (12th Parlt.) Conservative Party (historical)
10 12 October 1917[20] 10 July 1920[21] Elected 1917 (13th Parlt.) Unionist Party
First World War; Military Service Act; Conscription Crisis of 1917; Unionist Party (Canada); Creation of the National Research Council; Introduction of income tax; Winnipeg General Strike; Nickle Resolution.
9 ArthurMeighenheadshot.jpg Arthur Meighen
(1874–1960)
MP for Portage la Prairie, MB
11 10 July 1920[22] 29 December 1921[23] Designated (13th Parlt.) National Liberal and Conservative Party
10 Wm Lyon Mackenzie King.jpg William Lyon Mackenzie King
(1874–1950)
MP for York North, ON until 1925
MP for Prince Albert, SK from 1926
12 29 December 1921[24] 28 June 1926[24][25] Elected 1921 (14th Parlt.)
Elected 1925 (15th Parlt.)‡
Liberal Party
Lost his seat in 1925 election, which resulted in a hung parliament; continued in office without holding the most seats in the Commons following the 1925 election with the support of the third-party Progressives; the Governor General refused his request to dissolve parliament (King–Byng Affair).
‡ Meighen had won a plurality of seats in the 1925 election, but King continued in office with the unofficial support of the Progressives until the King-Byng Affair caused him to resign and Meighen to be invited to form a government.
(9) ArthurMeighenheadshot.jpg Arthur Meighen
(1874–1960)
MP for Portage la Prairie, MB
13 29 June 1926[22] 25  September 1926[26] Designated (15th Parlt.)‡ Conservative Party (historical)
Appointed as a result of the King–Byng Affair. Defeated and lost his seat in 1926 election.
‡ Meighen had won a plurality of seats in the 1925 election, but King continued in office with the unofficial support of the Progressives until the King-Byng Affair caused him to resign and Meighen to be invited to form a government.
(10) Wm Lyon Mackenzie King.jpg William Lyon Mackenzie King
(1874–1950)
MP for Prince Albert, SK
14 25 September 1926[24] 7 August 1930[27] Elected 1926 (16th Parlt. Liberal Party
§Minority government. Introduction of old age pensions; Great Depression.
11 Richard Bedford Bennett.jpg Richard Bedford Bennett
(1870–1947)
MP for Calgary West, AB
15 7 August 1930[28] 23 October 1935[29] Elected 1930 (17th Parlt.) Conservative Party (historical)
Great Depression; Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission; Canadian Wheat Board; Creation of the Bank of Canada.
(10) Wm Lyon Mackenzie King.jpg William Lyon Mackenzie King
(1874–1950)
MP for Prince Albert, SK until 1945
MP for Glengarry, ON from 1945
16 23 October 1935[24] 15 November 1948[30] Elected 1935 (18th Parlt.)
Elected 1940 (19th Parlt.)
Elected 1945 (20th Parlt.)
Liberal Party
Creation of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation; National Film Board of Canada; Nationalization of the Bank of Canada; Second World War; Conscription Crisis of 1944; Trans-Canada Airlines; Gouzenko Affair.
12 Louisstlaurent.jpg Louis St. Laurent
(1882–1973)
MP for Quebec East, QC
17 15 November 1948[31] 21 June 1957[32] Designated (20th Parlt.)
Elected 1949 (21st Parlt.)
Elected 1953 (22nd Parlt.)
Liberal Party
Canada's entrance into NATO and the UN; Suez Crisis; Creation of the United Nations Emergency Force; London Declaration; Newfoundland Act; Equalization; Trans-Canada Highway; St. Lawrence Seaway; Trans-Canada Pipeline; Pipeline Debate.
13 DiefYoung.jpg John Diefenbaker
(1895–1979)
MP for Prince Albert, SK
18 21 June 1957[33] 22 April 1963[34] Elected 1957 (23rd Parlt.
Elected 1958 (24th Parlt.)
Elected 1962 (25th Parlt.
Progressive Conservative Party
§Minority government. Avro Arrow cancellation; Coyne Affair; Cuban Missile Crisis; Canadian Bill of Rights, allowed status aboriginals to vote in federal elections 1960.
14 Lester B. Pearson with a pencil.jpg Lester B. Pearson
(1897–1972)
MP for Algoma East, ON
19 22 April 1963[35] 20 April 1968[36] Elected 1963 (26th Parlt.
Elected 1965 (27th Parlt.
Liberal Party
§Minority government. Bomarc missile program; Introduction of Canadian universal healthcare; Canada Pension Plan; Canada Student Loans; Creation of a new Canadian flag; Auto Pact; Rejection of troop deployment to Vietnam; Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism; Creation of the Canadian Forces; 1967 Canadian Centennial celebrations.
15 Pierre Elliot Trudeau-2.jpg Pierre Trudeau
(1919–2000)
MP for Mount Royal, QC
20 20 April 1968[37] 3/4 June[R] 1979[37] Designated (27th Parlt.)
Elected 1968 (28th Parlt.)
Elected 1972 (29th Parlt.
Elected 1974 (30th Parlt.)
Liberal Party
§Minority government. Minister of Justice; "Trudeaumania"; "Just Society"; October Crisis; Use of the War Measures Act; Official Languages Act; Establishment of relations with China; Creation of Petro-Canada; Membership in the G7; Metric Commission.
16 JoeClark.jpg Joe Clark
(1939– )
MP for Yellowhead, AB
21 4 June 1979[38] 2/3 March[R] 1980[38] Elected 1979 (31st Parlt. Progressive Conservative Party
§Minority government. Youngest Canadian PM. Defeated in a motion of no confidence on tax proposals.
(15) Pierre Elliot Trudeau-2.jpg Pierre Trudeau
(1919–2000)
MP for Mount Royal, QC
22 3 March 1980[37] 29/30 June[R] 1984[37] Elected 1980 (32nd Parlt.) Liberal Party
Introduction of the NEP; 1980 Referendum; Access to Information Act; Repatriation of the Canadian Constitution; Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms; Canada Health Act; Western alienation.
17 Fmr CDN PM John Turner.jpg John Turner
(1929– )
Did not serve in parliament while Prime Minister
23 30 June 1984[39] 16/17 September[R] 1984[39] Designated (none) Liberal Party
Trudeau Patronage Appointments. Never sat in parliament as Prime Minister.
18 Mulroney.jpg Brian Mulroney
(1939– )
MP for Manicouagan, QC until 1988
MP for Charlevoix, QC from 1988
24 17 September 1984[40] 24/25 June[R] 1993[40] Elected 1984 (33rd Parlt.)
Elected 1988 (34th Parlt.)
Progressive Conservative Party
Cancellation of the NEP; Meech Lake Accord; Air India bombing; Canada-US Free Trade Agreement; Introduction of the GST; Charlottetown Accord; Good relations with Ronald Reagan; Petro-Canada privatization; Gulf War; École Polytechnique massacre; Oka Crisis; Environmental Protection Act; NAFTA; Airbus affair.
19 KimCampbell.jpg Kim Campbell
(1947– )
MP for Vancouver Centre, BC
25 25 June 1993[41] 3/4 November[R] 1993[41] Designated (34th Parlt.) Progressive Conservative Party
First female Prime Minister of Canada. Never sat in parliament as Prime Minister. Defeated and lost her seat in 1993 election.
20 Jean Chretien 2010.jpg Jean Chrétien
(1934– )
MP for Saint-Maurice, QC
26 4 November 1993[42] 11/12 December[R] 2003[42] Elected 1993 (35th Parlt.)
Elected 1997 (36th Parlt.)
Elected 2000 (37th Parlt.)
Liberal Party
Red Book; HST; 1995 Referendum; Clarity Act; Assassination attempt; Kosovo War; 1997 Red River Flood; Social Union Framework Agreement; Creation of Nunavut Territory; Youth Criminal Justice Act; Shawinigan Handshake; Invasion of Afghanistan; Opposition to the Invasion of Iraq; Sponsorship scandal; Kyoto Protocol; Gomery Inquiry.
21 Paul martin 2004.jpg Paul Martin
(1938– )
MP for LaSalle—Émard, QC
27 12 December 2003[43] 5/6 February[R] 2006[43] Designated (37th Parlt.)
Elected 2004 (38th Parlt.
Liberal Party
§Minority government. Sponsorship scandal; Gomery inquiry; Civil Marriage Act; Kelowna Accord; Rejection of US Anti-Missile Treaty; G20; Atlantic Accord.
22 Stephen Harper by Remy Steinegger.jpg Stephen Harper
(1959– )
MP for Calgary Southwest, AB
28 6 February 2006[44] Incumbent Elected 2006 (39th Parlt.
Elected 2008 (40th Parlt.
Elected 2011 (41st Parlt.)
Conservative Party
§Minority government. Federal Accountability Act; GST Reduction; Afghan Mission Extension; Chuck Cadman Affair; Québécois nation motion; Apology for Chinese Head Tax; Israel-Lebanon Conflict; Veterans' Bill of Rights; Residential Schools Apology; Financial crisis of 2007-2010; 2008–2009 Canadian parliamentary dispute; 2009 Budget; Abousfian Abdelrazik; 2009 flu pandemic; Canadian Afghan detainee issue; CF-35 procurement deal; Parliamentary contempt.

R The Interpretation Act of 1967 states that "where an appointment is made effective or terminates on a specified day, that appointment is considered to be effective or to terminate after the end of the previous day." Under the Act, Prime Ministers' tenures are therefore credited as having concluded at the end of their last full day in office (the earlier date given), although their resignation was received by the Governor General on the following day. This provision applies to Trudeau in 1979[45] and 1984,[46] Clark,[47] Turner,[48] Mulroney,[49] Campbell,[50] Chrétien[51] and Martin.[51]

Living former Prime Ministers

As of March 2011, there are six living former Prime Ministers of Canada, the oldest being John Turner (1984, born 1929). The most recent former Prime Minister to die was Pierre Trudeau (1968–1979, 1980–1984), on 28 September 2000. John A. Macdonald (1867–1873,

1878–1891), and John Thompson (1892–1894) are the only serving Prime Ministers to die in office. 

Name Term of office Date of birth
Joe Clark 1979–1980 5 June 1939 (1939-06-05) (age 72)
John Turner 1984 7 June 1929 (1929-06-07) (age 82)
Brian Mulroney 1984–1993 20 March 1939 (1939-03-20) (age 72)
Kim Campbell 1993 10 March 1947 (1947-03-10) (age 64)
Jean Chrétien 1993–2003 11 January 1934 (1934-01-11) (age 77)
Paul Martin 2003–2006 28 August 1938 (1938-08-28) (age 73)

Fathers of Confederation

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President Obama

 

  

 

Date: 2011-12-18 11:55:34

 

Subject: Iraq
 
 
Helene --

Early this morning, the last of our troops left Iraq.

As we honor and reflect on the sacrifices that millions of men and women made for this war, I wanted to make sure you heard the news.

Bringing this war to a responsible end was a cause that sparked many Americans to get involved in the political process for the first time. Today's outcome is a reminder that we all have a stake in our country's future, and a say in the direction we choose.

Thank you.

Barack

 
Date : 11/25/09 18:28:36

Paid for by Organizing for America, a project of the Democratic National Committee

-- 430 South Capitol Street SE, Washington, D.C. 20003.

This communication is not authorized by any candidate or candidate's committee.

This email was sent to: helenecouture@videotron.ca

  
2012

  http://1.usa.gov/e94BWD

To: Helene Couture

Subject: The view from outside Washington
 
 

Presidential Mission for MARINE ONE.

PRESIDENT OBAMA

ON BOARD MARINE ONE.

WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW.

 

 

You can also call or write to the President at:

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